Since perception is the key to this meditation technique, it is known as Preksha Meditation. Preksha means to perceive and Dhyan means meditation. The word Preksha is derived from the root iksha, which means to see. When the prefix Pra is added, it becomes Pra+iksha, which now means to perceive carefully and profoundly being free from attachment and aversion. In this technique, one has to observe the internal phenomenon of the body. In the beginning a person observes the states of the gross body, then the phases of the taijassharir, (the electrical body), followed by the vibrations in the karma sharir (the micro body). At a more advanced stage of the meditation process, the practitioner may succeed even in witnessing his past life. Thus while progressing through the gross to the subtle bodies, the art of visualizing ones own self may be acquired.
SampikkhaeAppagamappaenam this aphorism from the Jain canon Dasaveaaliyam forms the basic principle for Preksha Meditation. It means, 'See yourself through yourself.' Perceive and realize the most subtle aspects of consciousness through your own conscious mind.'
Acharya Siddhasena (6th Cent., A.D.) wrote, 'Let us observe the state of our body, perceive the form of our mind. Let us sit in meditation and observe the different states of our body.' Thousand of different kinds of changes occur in our body and to witness all these changes with inner eye is called the perception of self through self.
Basic Components of Preksha Meditation
In order to achieve perfection in the technique of Preksha Meditation, one has to pass through various stages. The basic components of Preksha Meditation are:
- Kayotsarg (relaxation)
- Antaryatra (internal trip )
- Shvas Preksha (perception of breathing)
- Sharir Preksha (perception of physical body)
- Chaitanya Kendra Preksha (perception ofpsychic centers )
- Leshya Dhyna (perception of psychic colour)
- Anupreksha (contemplation )
- Chanting of Mantras (mantra meditation)
- Asana (yogic exercise)
- Pranayam (restraining the breath)
- Mudra (posture)
- Dhvani (sound)
- VartamaanKshanki Preksha (perception of the present moment)
- Vichaar Preksha (perception of thought)
- Animesh Preksha , Traatak (focusing on a single point with open eyes without blinking
What is Preksha?
Preksha literally means to see your own self. So we can say self-perception is Preksha.
What is Preksha Meditation?
Preksha Meditation is an efficient and effective way of meditation based on 30 years of research and development that aims in overall transformation and grooming of personality by bringing about positive attitudinal and behavioural changes.
Purpose of Preksha Meditation
The main intent of the Preksha Meditation is to purge the mental state. The aim of Preksha Meditation is not just for achieving physical, mental, and emotional well-being but a key to spiritual treasure.
Basis of Preksha Meditation
Although, the way of Preksha Meditation originates from the sapience of ancient philosophy, it is authentically based on present scientific principles.
Steps of Preksha Meditation:-
- Yogasanas – Getting the body and mind ready for meditation
- Pranayam - Correcting and controlling breathing process
- Kayotsarg - Relaxation of body with full awareness
- Internal Trip - Spinal Cord Visualization (Centre of Energy)
- Perception of Deep Breathing (Swash Preksha)
- Perception of Psychic Centers (Chaitanya-kendra-preksha)
- Perception of Colors (Leshya Dhyaan)
Yogasanas, the yogic exercises are a crucial part of Preksha meditation.
Objectives of Yoga
- To achieve mental and physical strength
- To make the body and mind ready for meditation
- To gain mental harmony
- To build a strong foundation of spirituality
This technique relates to breathing pattern in which balanced, regular, and rhythmic inhalation and exaltation in a specific method is performed is known as pranayam.
Objectives of Pranayam
- Development, expansion, and control of vital energy
- Regulation of the flow of vital energy throughout the body
- Creation of a link between the physical body and the soul
- Healing of physical and mental disorders
- Harmony between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
Kayotsarg Means Relaxation Of The Body With Full Awareness
Benefits of Kayotsarg
- Relieve Your Muscles From Stress
- Stable The Body Through Relaxation
- Relax By Autosuggestion
Things we do in Kayotsarg
- Calm Our Body
- Calm Our Thoughts
- Calm Our Respiration
It is a technique named Internal trip through which one can become familiar with the inner world and realise oneself.
To initiate upward movement of vital energy, mind moves from Shakti kendra (the mid-point and source of energy) towards the Gyan kendra (the mid-point and source of knowledge)
Objectives of Internal Trip:
- To cultivate the power of self restraint
- To rise the vital energy
- To create a strong platform for meditation
Benefits of Internal Trip:
- Promotes physical wellness by empowering the nervous system
- Promotes mental well being by revitalization of the mental abilities
- Promotes emotional well being by developing sustainable control over emotions
- Promotes spiritual well being by creating and maintaining efficient flow of vital energy
- Practicing Internal Trip helps the practitioner to low down the anxiety and frustration of daily life and assist in the rousing of super natural powers
Perception of Breathing (Shwas Preksha)
Perception of breathing is a scientific technique in which breathing is practiced to help us establishing the state of calmness and lead a healthful and joyful life.
Objectives of Perception of breathing
- To achieve and sustain a state of equanimity
- To constitute and develop homeostasis in the body functions and actions
- To obtain higher levels of awareness
Benefits of Perception of breathing
- Attain advance levels of consciousness
- Raises the level of mental concentration and alertness
- Provides extra sensory perceptions and intuition
- Develops homeostasis in the outer and inner body functions, actions and processes
Perception of Phychic Centers (Chaitanya Kendra Preksha)
Chaitanya-Kendra-Prekṣha results in developing and maintaining firm control of the reasoning mind over all actions. The cumulative effect of developing the reasoning mind with enervating the forces of the primal drives would ultimately bring about the desirable transformation in mental behaviour and habits.
Perception of Psychic Colours - Leshya Dhyan (Color Meditation)
- Colour is an inherent characteristic of existence of this entire universe.
- The nature of color is electromagnetic radiation.
- Diversity and variation in wave-length and frequency differentiate one color from another.
- Leshya are also radiations and separate Leshya have separate wavelengths, and therefore, each has a definite place in the electromagnetic spectrum.
- Each Leshya, as so, can be associated through its harmonics with a particular color in the visible spectrum, i.e. from red color to violet color.
- Thus over the grounds of the relation between the colors of the visible spectrum and the Leshya radiations, we can use particular colors as the means of empowering or weakening the Leshya radiations.
All individuals have aura around their body. The color of this aura changes as per to the emotions and feelings they have inside themselves. Emotions and Aura both are very deeply connected with each other. By purifying our emotions we can create a purified Aura.
For any queries regarding Preksha Meditation or our Preksha Meditation Center @ Adhyatm Sadhna Kendra, you can contact us at (+91) 11 2680 2671 or mail us at askdelhipm@ Gmail.com
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In Sanskrit, the word "Mantra" implies – ‘a liberator of mind’. A mantra is composed of potent sound syllables that are capable of influencing the human system both physically and spiritually. Many seed letters and terms or phrases that can be recited incantatory are available for chanting. Among these, 'Aum', 'Hreem', 'Shreem' 'Kleem' etc., are seed letters. These are invested with great powers. An articulation of a word generates special kind of sound waves and vibrations, which influence our mind. Mantra plays an important role in Preksha Meditation.
Why Mantra Meditation?
The human mind is inherently unstable. It does not concentrate on one point for a long time. The chanting of mantra is an easy and effective tool for making the mind focus on one object and achieve better concentrations. Mantras help break our unconscious and subconscious thought and desire patterns, which keep us in bondage to past conditioning. The seed mantra is a thought force and generates energy. Our subconscious mind is restructured by the energy of the mantra. Mantra can create a protective shield for a practitioner which helps him to pursue meditation for longer durations. Mantras are important tool for clearing and cleansing the mind. It helps in the development of inner power and Self-purification.
How does Mantra Work?
The Vibrations of sound produced by a person influences both the person and the space. When the practitioner of Mantra pronounces the mantra, the vibration of sound influences the gross body, especially the spinal cord and the neurons of the brain. As the intensity of sound vibrations increases it influences the subtle body and brings transformation in behavior and attitude and develops inner power. The sound vibrations get amplified with the help of vital energy and strength of consciousness of the practitioner, creating the frequency of sound waves for mantra far beyond the limits of ultrasonic and supersonic vibrations. The human brain is made up of interconnected neurons. When we think, each neurons form a strong path known as memory. When we read a book number of times, we remember most of the topics and can recall them because we strengthen these pathways and create memory. When a mantra is chanted number of times, it strengthens certain pathways, giving powers.
Technique of doing Mantra Meditation
Chanting of mantras are of three types characterized by high voiced, low voiced and silent chanting which are classified as
- Low-toned Chanting
- Chanting Mentally
The process constitutes an effort to migrate from the gross to the subtle. Gross sounds produce gross vibrations and subtle sounds produce subtle vibrations. Subtle vibrations are far more powerful than the gross ones. In the initial stages gross vibrations play key role in bringing about a change. However, in order to achieve higher levels of change and in advanced stages of meditation, it is essential to be able to move towards the subtle vibrations. In the subtle stages, the distance between the meaning and the words disappear. At this stage, language and thought get closer to each other and become indistinguishable. To have better concentration during Mantra meditation, various psychic centers are used. Along with it colors are also used.
We can also synchronize breathing with Mantra.
Precautions to be observed during Mantra Meditation
For the chanting of mantra to be effective and fruitful, it is essential that recitation be done diligently and systematically in a correct manner. Wrong pronunciation of words, lack of mental concentration during chanting and too fast or too lethargically performed chanting are some of the major obstacles in realizing the benefits of this technique.
Sample Mantra Recitation
There are a number of mantras that have been successfully applied during Preksha Meditation training programs. For example, 'Arham' and 'AumHreem Arham Namah' are the common ones. The technique of recitation of the mantra Aum-Hreem-Arham-Namah is as follows:
While reciting the word 'Aum', concentrate the mind on the tip of the nose, the center of vital energy . Try to perceive the mantra 'Aum' on this center. Then shift your attention to the middle of the eyebrows, the center of intuition and perceive the mantra 'Hreem' there. Now focus your total attention on the middle of the forehead, the center of enlightenment and visualize the mantra Arham. Towards the end, focus your concentration on the front part of the head, the center of peace and perceive the mantra 'Namah' here. In the first stage, recite the mantra. In the next stage, realize the mantra on the specific center with bright white color. At this stage, mantra becomes meditation.
Benefits of doing Mantra Meditation
It improves concentration. Cure diseases if used with right technique, for example as described in Preksha Therapy. Brings transformation in behaviour and habits. Increases inner power. Specific Mantra have specific benefits associated with them.